Chapter 13

256 Lieb et al, “The Effects of an Exclusive Long-Continued Meat Diet“, Journal of the American Medical Association, (July 1926).
257 Karen Fediuk, “Vitamin C in the Inuit diet: past and present”, MA Thesis, School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, McGill University, (2000).
258 Barry Groves web site: and you can see Groves’ demonstration of how gorillas turn carbohydrate into saturated fat at
259 You can get any of these numbers for yourself from a molecular mass calculator on the web – I used
The precise numbers are 342.29648 g/mol for a disaccharide, 18.01528 g/mol for water and 180.15588 g/mol for a monosaccharide and 162.1406 g/mol for a polysaccharide – but I didn’t want to put people off with decimals.
260 Tuna, bluefin, raw – 23 grams of protein per 100 grams of product,
261 (*)
262 (*)
263 Michel Montignac, Dine out and lose weight, (1987).
264 – Montignac GI for raw carrots.
265 Richard J Johnson et al, “Potential role of sugar (fructose) in the epidemic of hypertension, obesity and the metabolic syndrome, diabetes, kidney disease, and cardiovascular disease”, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, (October 2007).
266 John Yudkin, “Evolutionary and historical changes in dietary carbohydrates”, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, (1967).
267 Richard Johnson, The Sugar Fix, (2008).
268 Harold Higgins., “The rapidity with which alcohol and some sugars may serve as nutriment”, American Journal of Physiology, (1916).
269 Togel, Brezina and Durig, Biochemistry Zeitschrift, (1913).
270 John Yudkin, Pure, White and Deadly, (1972).
271 Eleazar Shafrir, “Metabolism of Disaccharides and Monosaccharides with Emphasis on Sugar and Fructose and their Lipogenic Potential”, (1991).
272 Peter A Mayes, “Intermediary metabolism of fructose”, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, (November 1993).
273 “Sugar the bitter truth”. There is also a paper with much of the content of the YouTube video available at
274 (*)
275 (*) The UK, USA and Australian references are in Chapter 8. The other countries are detailed at the following site:
276 (*)
277 Ali H. Mokdad; Mary K. Serdula; William H. Dietz; Barbara A. Bowman; James S. Marks; Jeffrey P. Koplan, “The Spread of the Obesity Epidemic in the United States, 1991-1998”, Journal of the American Medical Association, (1999).
278 Paolo Boffetta et al, “Fruit and vegetable intake and overall cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)”, Journal of the National Cancer Institute, (April 2010).
280 (*) – Gwyneth Paltrow’s personal web site.

"The Obesity Epidemic is the most comprehensive demolition job on the arrogance and ignorance of the health profession I have ever read".
Barry Groves Author of Trick and Treat: How 'healthy eating' is making us ill